Paronychia picture from Wikimedia Commons. In many instances, finger swelling is associated with swelling of the hand in which case the front or back of the hand (palmar or dorsal surfaces) will be swollen along with all the fingers. This is what happened. Swelling in people with RA often happen in the wrists and finger joints. The inflammatory process is the body’s response to any injury that is intended to minimize the damage to tissue. Although the fingers are such small structures, it is highly prone injury as it is the most active parts of the body. These abnormal blood clots can interfere with blood flow and potentially cause serious problems. Corticosteroid creams over the short term to reduce inflammation or allergic reactions. A blood clot can form after a trauma to the finger damages blood vessels or breaks a bone. Finger bruise: Introduction. If you suspect you have a blood clot in your finger, see your doctor. Signs that you have a blood clot of the finger include: A blood clot under the fingernail can be mildly to severely painful. Why trust us? Symptoms and Complications of Blood Clots, Everything You Want to Know About Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), Subungual Hematoma: Identifying It and Treating It, Warfarin and Vitamin K: How to Find the Right Balance, Blood Clots After Birth: What You Need to Know, 16 Simple Ways to Relieve Stress and Anxiety, a heavy object falling on the fingers, like when you accidentally hit your finger with a hammer, a crush injury, such as when you get your finger caught in a car door, one or more firm, blue bumps on the palm side of the finger, redness or other color changes to the finger, the skin is split open and may need to be stitched, the fingernail is falling off or the base is popping out from under the skin, you have a wound that you can’t get completely clean. Treatment should be directed at the underlying cause. It may be accompanied by various other signs and symptoms in the finger such as : Discoloration of the skin varying from redness associated with inflammation and allergic rashes to blue to purple hues. However, fingers swelling may sometimes be a symptom of a systemic disorder although it almost always occurs with hand swelling as well. Typically, mild swelling brought on by salty foods goes away on its own within a day but it can last longer depending on how much extra salt is in your system. Raynaud’s disease is a rare condition characterized by narrowing of your arteries, which limits blood circulation. As the vessels stretch, some of their fluid can leak into your soft tissues and cause puffiness. Meningoccocal diseases, such as meningitis and meningococcemia, are potentially fatal conditions that can cause easy bruising. Hemophilia and other genetic conditions that impair blood clotting make one prone to bruising and internal bleeding that can be life-threatening. Diagnostic testing may include: While it may not always require medical treatment, blood clots can have serious consequences. Any other underlying conditions that can increase the risk of clotting should also be addressed. This article was medically reviewed by Rekha Kumar, MD, an assistant professor of medicine and member of the Prevention Medical Review Board, on July 2, 2019. Swelling—along with numbness, prickling, pain, or color changes in the skin—occurs most commonly in the fingers and toes when circulation returns (as you warm up or your stress dissipates). An infection is more likely to occur with a break in the skin of the fingers because the hands are constantly making contact with various substances and surfaces (fomites) which may house large amounts of bacteria. 2. Is This Common Cholesterol-Lowering Drug Safe? Symptoms with Finger Swelling. If it’s the bony finger joints themselves that are enlarged (say, you can’t get rings over your knuckles), osteoarthritis may be to blame, especially if your swollen fingers appear in the morning. But swelling in the hands and face—especially if pressing your thumb into your skin leaves a noticeable indentation—can be a red flag for preeclampsia, a complication characterized by high blood pressure. A clot from an aneurysm can break apart and send smaller clots into the bloodstream, where they can reach the fingers. These medications can prevent more clots from forming. It can be caused by frostbite, fractures, infection of the bone of the little finger or it can be congenital (occurring at birth). Various growths may arise in the tissues of the finger thereby appearing as localized masses or swellings. While there are typically various causes, repeated trauma or injury to the wrist, work stress, an under-active thyroid, and rheumatoid arthritis can all be triggers. Heat causes blood vessels to expand, which allows more heat to escape through your skin so you can keep cool, explains Tammy Olsen Utset, MD, MPH, an associate professor in the rheumatology department at the University of Chicago. But when abnormal blood clots form in a vein or artery, it can create problems. Learn effective ways to relieve stress and anxiety with these 16 simple tips. Infections can form in different ways, but dishwashing without gloves, manicures, ingrown nails, hangnails, and biting your nails can all transfer bacteria to your fingers and lead to swelling, redness, and throbbing pain. Edema can affect any part of your body, but swelling mostly occurs in your hands, feet, legs, and ankles. Blood clotting is a normal function that occurs when you have an injury. For added fun, follow us on Instagram. Your body likes to keep a consistent salt-to-water balance, so when you down extra sodium, it compensates by retaining more water, leading to swelling, Dr. Utset says. The fact that your blood can clot is a good thing, because it can stop you from bleeding. . Lymphedema is a rare limb-swelling disease that comes on when lymph fluid (which carries waste, bacteria, and viruses out of the body) doesn’t adequately drain. Bruising for no reason can in some instances indicate more serious problems. They’ll be able to tell the difference between a bruise and a clot and give you recommendations for treating your injury. An abnormal clot is inside the vein and can prevent blood from flowing freely. What causes a blood clot to form in the finger? To help prevent and ease carpal tunnel syndrome, try these five stretches at your desk. Some researchers now say they may not be the best…. Here are some of the common causes of swollen fingers, and when you should call your doctor. This can make it difficult to tell if you have one. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Abnormal sensations such as tingling, ‘pins and needles’ or numbness. Pain in the finger or joint pain. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Find out what happens if clot doesn't dissolve or forms in a blood vessel. Swelling is the accumulation of fluid within tissue thereby causing it to increase in size and compress against surrounding structures. Last night he felt like his middle finger broke for no reason. A bruise also quickly changes color, first darkening and then getting lighter as it heals and fades away. This can help prevent permanent damage to your finger. But if there’s a medical condition that’s causing abnormal clotting, you’ll want to know. Some swelling is typical for expectant moms. It is important to identify exactly which areas swollen as the causes and differ for each location of swelling within the finger. Discoloration of the skin varying from redness associated with inflammation and allergic rashes to blue to purple hues. When the nerve that runs from the forearm to the palm of the hand is pinched or squeezed at the wrist, that’s when carpal tunnel syndrome develops, Dr. Utset explains, a condition that women are three times as likely to develop than men. Should i be worried? If you’re prone to developing blood clots, your doctor may prescribe a blood-thinning medication (anticoagulant). Your skin may also feel tight or thicker than usual, according to a report from the National Cancer Institute. If you cut back on salt and the swelling persists, see your doctor, Dr. Utset advises. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This is the way the body cools down,” Dr. Vyas says. Excess stress is a common problem for many people. Osteoarthritis is often, but not always, accompanied by pain and stiffness, Dr. Utset says. If you have a cut on your finger or underneath the fingernail, normal clotting should stop the bleeding.
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